The most dominant element of good laws and of the sustainability of the regime is the disposition (moral attitude) of the establishment, as well as of the subjects, the mentality that is with which power is exercised in mirroring the mentality with which this exercise of power is acceptable by the people. The first is a defining factor, but the second is also a dominant element.

Aristotle writes in Politics (1279a 25): “But in as much as constitution and regime means the same and the regime is the supreme power in the state, and this must be either a single ruler or a few or the many or the mass of the citizens, in cases when the one or the few or the many govern with an eye to the common interest, these constitutions must necessarily be right ones, while those administered with an eye to the private interest of either the one or the few or the multitude are deviations.

Here we have the establishment, those who enact the laws on the one side and the subjects, those persons who follow the laws on the other. Among the subjects we have those who follow the laws without enjoining, and also those who follow the laws fearing the sanctions. When non-enjoined followers are many, while enjoined followers are few the disturbance of legal order becomes harder. This disposition of non-enjoined followers is one of the good daemons which protect the state. The other disposition is that of the rulers expressed in the words ruling for the common interest; this disposition exists when the rulers’ ambition and objective is the fair exercise of power.

As much as anarchy proves non-viable owing to the nature of society the need arises for the presence of an establishment and of a subject. For the creation and maintenance of legal order, the establishment must be free from the element of high-handed, arbitrary acts. High-handedness exists when the establishment does not respect the constitutional order and the laws which she enacts and violates them first while she subdues the subject to its vices, without safeguarding that such obedience on the part of the subject confers any security to the same once the lawful and unlawful depend on the unchecked whim of the establishment. In this instance we have wicked laws.

In the case of Prometheus, his effort was turned towards obliging the establishment to realize that without respecting the subject, it is not possible to expect the respect of the subject towards her. Prometheus made it possible to help Zeus, by helping man to create the balance of mutual respect between the establishment and the subject. This balance of respect between the establishment and the subject is a basic ingredient when we come to live within a human society.

Mutual respect is the third good daemon and the composing together of the former two which exist and are found in the good government of a society.

*See Angelos Vlachos. Athenian Constitution, Page 57.

In the Streets of New City (Down Town City)


A story about true skills

Around 1999 I happened to work in the same department with the late Patrick Smith*. Patrick was endowed with rare mathematical abilities. He could work out all sorts of programs with spread sheet analysis. For some strange reason, the director did not like him and started treating him in a quite odious manner.

He first took away his schedule of duties and transferred it to someone else. Next he moved away his secretary to the pool. After that he took away the office computer leaving him without access to the eMcEaR* data.

All these left Patrick with much less to do and with spare time. Patrick brought his own laptop with him in the office and concentrated his attention the stock exchange technical analysis.

A few weeks later, he invited me for lunch, as he managed to gain around ₤75.000 (USD 125.000 | EUR 100.000) in London and New York. The following week, I met Pamela*, one of the eMcEaR staff in the corridor.

– My boss invited me for lunch today, she announced to me. – He made gains from buying and selling shares in the Stock Exchange, she went on.

– Who is your boss? I asked her. – Patrick, she replied. – Enjoy your lunch, I said.

Then Patrick appeared in his way to the officers’ mess accompanied by Armand Andrews*. He invited me again for lunch. – No thank you, you offered me a lunch last week. Armand heard the conversation. He said to me: “no this week Patrick made new gains, so do join us for lunch.” I could not join the free lunch.

In the meantime, I had realized that taking away Patrick’s schedule of duties was unconstitutional, under article 127.3 of the constitution, which bids as follows: “The powers, functions and duties of the Accountant-General provided in this chapter may be exercised by him in person or by such subordinate officers acting under and in accordance with his instructions.”

This was so, because Patrick belonged to the ranks of the Accountant-General subordinates, while the new incumbent did not. Certainly, Patrick’s ill treatment and humiliation did not deter him from being successful.

However, this case is unique and a very rare exception. On the other hand, unconstitutionality, it did not concern him. He sat near the wall looking at the street backgrounds, reading a journal, featuring a brand new car.

A new sports vehicle for him and another automobile for his wife as you know were within the realms of this journal. He happened to know, they came from a different anecdote.

As now I am an author with my digital books on Kindle, I whole heartedly recommend to you to get them downloaded on your Kindle and practice the titles therein to help you develop your skills that give rise to chance and to take advantage of the chances that give rise to skill.

You may recommend the same link to your readers.

Please note:

(*) Any resemblance to living persons is purely coincidental and unintentional, and the real names were changed.