OUR GOOD DAEMONS

Aside

OUR GOOD DAEMONS

The most dominant element of good laws and of the sustainability of the regime is the disposition (moral attitude) of the establishment, as well as of the subjects, the mentality that is with which power is exercised in mirroring the mentality with which this exercise of power is acceptable by the people. The first is a defining factor, but the second is also a dominant element.

Aristotle writes in Politics (1279a 25): “But in as much as constitution and regime means the same and the regime is the supreme power in the state, and this must be either a single ruler or a few or the many or the mass of the citizens, in cases when the one or the few or the many govern with an eye to the common interest, these constitutions must necessarily be right ones, while those administered with an eye to the private interest of either the one or the few or the multitude are deviations.

Here we have the establishment, those who enact the laws on the one side and the subjects, those persons who follow the laws on the other. Among the subjects we have those who follow the laws without enjoining, and also those who follow the laws fearing the sanctions. When non-enjoined followers are many, while enjoined followers are few the disturbance of legal order becomes harder. This disposition of non-enjoined followers is one of the good daemons which protect the state. The other disposition is that of the rulers expressed in the words ruling for the common interest; this disposition exists when the rulers’ ambition and objective is the fair exercise of power.

As much as anarchy proves non-viable owing to the nature of society the need arises for the presence of an establishment and of a subject. For the creation and maintenance of legal order, the establishment must be free from the element of high-handed, arbitrary acts. High-handedness exists when the establishment does not respect the constitutional order and the laws which she enacts and violates them first while she subdues the subject to its vices, without safeguarding that such obedience on the part of the subject confers any security to the same once the lawful and unlawful depend on the unchecked whim of the establishment. In this instance we have wicked laws.

In the case of Prometheus, his effort was turned towards obliging the establishment to realize that without respecting the subject, it is not possible to expect the respect of the subject towards her. Prometheus made it possible to help Zeus, by helping man to create the balance of mutual respect between the establishment and the subject. This balance of respect between the establishment and the subject is a basic ingredient when we come to live within a human society.

Mutual respect is the third good daemon and the composing together of the former two which exist and are found in the good government of a society.

*See Angelos Vlachos. Athenian Constitution, Page 57.

Beauty And Discord

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According to the myth, at the Gods’ party Eris threw a golden apple. All the goddesses, (Demeter, Hera, Artemis, Estia, Athena and Aphrodite) wanted to get the apple and they quarreled among themselves. Then Zeus sent Paristo make a judgment which goddess would get it.

Aphrodite appeared to his eyes the most beautiful among the goddesses and Paris offered the apple to her. The Gods’ party is the symbol of the ultra-mundane forces of the Lords.

The golden apple is the world, as the world by nature draws its existence from the opposites and that’s why it is said that the world is governed by discord.

Gods offer different gifts to the world, and that’s why they seem to quarrel for the apple. Paris is the symbol of the living soul; she lives and acts according to the commands of the senses. But the senses not being able to discern the other forces that exist in the world at a glance, she sees beauty, and for this reason offers the golden apple, the world, to Aphrodite.

Aphrodite, together with Apollo and Hermes bring harmony to the world in spite of the differences of each being. We see these puzzles and hidden indications in the statues of the gods. Apollo holds the guitar, while Aphrodite appears nude because beauty creates harmony as beauty is not hidden from those who seek her with their eyes.

Apollo and Aphrodite are among the primary rulers of the world. They encompass within them other secondary gods such as Asclepius emanating from Apollo and the Graces emanating from Aphrodite.

Enjoy the Green Cyprus Aphrodite | or Island of Love insights.